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IRS.gov Website
Publication 17
taxmap/pub17/p17-140.htm#en_us_publink1000173639

When To Report Gains and Losses(p176)

rule
taxmap/pub17/p17-140.htm#en_us_publink1000173640

Gains.(p176)

rule
If you receive an insurance or other reimbursement that is more than your adjusted basis in the destroyed or stolen property, you have a gain from the casualty or theft. You must include this gain in your income in the year you receive the reimbursement, unless you choose to postpone reporting the gain as explained in Pub. 547.
taxmap/pub17/p17-140.htm#en_us_publink1000173642

Table 25-2.  When To Deduct a Loss

IF you have a loss... THEN deduct it in the year...
from a casualtythe loss occurred.
in a federally declared disaster areathe loss was sustained or the year immediately before the loss was sustained.
from a theft the theft was discovered.
on a deposit treated as a: 
• casualty or any ordinary lossa reasonable estimate can be made.
• bad debtdeposits are totally worthless.
taxmap/pub17/p17-140.htm#en_us_publink1000173644

Losses.(p176)

rule
Generally, you can deduct a casualty loss that isn't reimbursable only in the tax year in which the casualty occurred. This is true even if you don't repair or replace the damaged property until a later year.
You can deduct theft losses that aren't reimbursable only in the year you discover your property was stolen.
If you aren't sure whether part of your casualty or theft loss will be reimbursed, don't deduct that part until the tax year when you become reasonably certain that it won't be reimbursed.
If you have a loss, see Table 25-2.
taxmap/pub17/p17-140.htm#en_us_publink1000173645

Loss on deposits.(p176)

rule
If your loss is a loss on deposits in an insolvent or bankrupt financial institution, see Loss on Deposits, earlier.
taxmap/pub17/p17-140.htm#en_us_publink1000173647

Disaster Area Loss(p177)

rule
You generally must deduct a casualty loss in the year it occurred. However, if you have a casualty loss from a federally declared disaster that occurred in an area warranting public or individual assistance (or both), you can choose to deduct the loss on your tax return or amended return for either of the following years.
You must make the choice to take your casualty loss for the disaster in the preceding year on or before the date that is six months after the regular due date for filing your original return (without extensions) for the disaster year.
If you claimed a deduction for a disaster loss in the disaster year and you wish to deduct the loss in the preceding year, you must file an amended return to remove the previously deducted loss on or before you file the return or amended return for the preceding year that includes the disaster loss deduction.
taxmap/pub17/p17-140.htm#en_us_publink1000173648

Gains.(p177)

rule
Special rules apply if you choose to postpone reporting gain on property damaged or destroyed in a federally declared disaster area. For those special rules, see Pub. 547.
taxmap/pub17/p17-140.htm#en_us_publink1000173649

Postponed tax deadlines.(p177)

rule
The IRS may postpone for up to 1 year certain tax deadlines of taxpayers who are affected by a federally declared disaster. The tax deadlines the IRS may postpone include those for filing income and employment tax returns, paying income and employment taxes, and making contributions to a traditional IRA or Roth IRA.
If any tax deadline is postponed, the IRS will publicize the postponement in your area by publishing a news release, revenue ruling, revenue procedure, notice, announcement, or other guidance in the Internal Revenue Bulletin (IRB). Go to IRS.gov/Newsroom/Tax-Relief-in-Disaster-Situations to find out if a tax deadline has been postponed for your area.
taxmap/pub17/p17-140.htm#en_us_publink1000173650
Who is eligible.(p177)
If the IRS postpones a tax deadline, the following taxpayers are eligible for the postponement.
taxmap/pub17/p17-140.htm#en_us_publink1000173651
Covered disaster area.(p177)
This is an area of a federally declared disaster in which the IRS has decided to postpone tax deadlines for up to 1 year.
taxmap/pub17/p17-140.htm#en_us_publink1000173652

Abatement of interest and penalties.(p177)

rule
The IRS may abate the interest and penalties on underpaid income tax for the length of any postponement of tax deadlines.
taxmap/pub17/p17-140.htm#en_us_publink1000173653

More information.(p177)

rule
For more information, see Disaster Area Losses in Pub. 547.