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Instructions for Form 1040-EZ

Disclosure, Privacy Act, and Paperwork Reduction Act Notice

The IRS Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998, the Privacy Act of 1974, and the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 require that when we ask you for information we must first tell you our legal right to ask for the information, why we are asking for it, and how it will be used. We must also tell you what could happen if we do not receive it and whether your response is voluntary, required to obtain a benefit, or mandatory under the law.
This notice applies to all papers you file with us, including this tax return. It also applies to any questions we need to ask you so we can complete, correct, or process your return; figure your tax; and collect tax, interest, or penalties.
Our legal right to ask for information is Internal Revenue Code sections 6001, 6011, and 6012(a), and their regulations. They say that you must file a return or statement with us for any tax you are liable for. Your response is mandatory under these sections. Code section 6109 requires you to provide your identifying number on the return. This is so we know who you are, and can process your return and other papers. You must fill in all parts of the tax form that apply to you. But you do not have to check the boxes for the Presidential Election Campaign Fund or for the third-party designee. You also do not have to provide your daytime phone number.
You are not required to provide the information requested on a form that is subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act unless the form displays a valid OMB control number. Books or records relating to a form or its instructions must be retained as long as their contents may become material in the administration of any Internal Revenue law.
We ask for tax return information to carry out the tax laws of the United States. We need it to figure and collect the right amount of tax.
If you do not file a return, do not provide the information we ask for, or provide fraudulent information, you may be charged penalties and be subject to criminal prosecution. We may also have to disallow the exemptions, exclusions, credits, deductions, or adjustments shown on the tax return. This could make the tax higher or delay any refund. Interest may also be charged.
Generally, tax returns and return information are confidential, as stated in Code section 6103. However, Code section 6103 allows or requires the Internal Revenue Service to disclose or give the information shown on your tax return to others as described in the Code. For example, we may disclose your tax information to the Department of Justice to enforce the tax laws, both civil and criminal, and to cities, states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. commonwealths and possessions to carry out their tax laws. We may disclose your tax information to the Department of Treasury and contractors for tax administration purposes; and to other persons as necessary to obtain information needed to determine the amount of or to collect the tax you owe. We may disclose your tax information to the Comptroller General of the United States to permit the Comptroller General to review the Internal Revenue Service. We may disclose your tax information to committees of Congress; federal, state, and local child support agencies; and to other federal agencies for the purposes of determining entitlement for benefits or the eligibility for and the repayment of loans. We may also disclose this information to other countries under a tax treaty, to federal and state agencies to enforce federal nontax criminal laws, or to federal law enforcement and intelligence agencies to combat terrorism.
Please keep this notice with your records. It may help you if we ask you for other information. If you have questions about the rules for filing and giving information, please call or visit any Internal Revenue Service office.
We welcome comments on forms.(p42)
We try to create forms and instructions that can be easily understood. Often this is difficult to do because our tax laws are very complex. For some people with income mostly from wages, filling in the forms is easy. For others who have businesses, pensions, stocks, rental income, or other investments, it is more difficult.
If you have suggestions for making these forms simpler, we would be happy to hear from you. You can send us comments from Click on More Information and then on Give us feedback. Or you can send your comments to Internal Revenue Service, Tax Forms and Publications Division, 1111 Constitution Ave. NW, IR-6526, Washington, DC 20224. Do not send your return to this address. Instead, see the addresses at the end of these instructions.
Although we cannot respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax forms and instructions.

Estimates of Taxpayer Burden(p42)

The table below shows burden estimates based upon current statutory requirements as of November 2016 for taxpayers filing a 2016 Form 1040EZ tax return. Time spent and out-of-pocket costs are presented separately. Time burden is broken out by taxpayer activity, with record keeping representing the largest component. Out-of-pocket costs include any expenses incurred by taxpayers to prepare and submit their tax returns. Examples include tax return preparation and submission fees, postage and photocopying costs, and tax preparation software costs. While these estimates do not include burden associated with post-filing activities, IRS operational data indicate that electronically prepared and filed returns have fewer arithmetic errors, implying lower post-filing burden.
Tax preparation fees and other out-of-pocket costs vary extensively depending on the tax situation of the taxpayer, the type of software or professional preparer used, and the geographic location. Reported time and cost burdens are national averages and do not necessarily reflect a “typical” case. Most taxpayers experience lower than average burden, with taxpayer burden varying considerably by taxpayer type. The average burden for Form 1040EZ filers is about 5 hours and $40.
If you have comments concerning the time and cost estimates that follow, you can contact us at either one of the addresses shown under We welcome comments on forms, earlier.

Estimated Average Taxpayer Burden for Individuals by Activity

  Average Time Burden (Hours)
Primary Form FiledPercentage
of Returns
Form Completion
and Submission
*Rounds to less than one hour.
Detail may not add to total time due to rounding. Dollars rounded to the nearest $10.

Major Categories of Federal Income and Outlays for Fiscal Year 2015(p42)

Federal Budget Text DescriptionFederal Budget   
On or before the first Monday in February of each year the President is required by law to submit to the Congress a budget proposal for the fiscal year that begins the following October. The budget plan sets forth the President's proposed receipts, spending, and the surplus or deficit for the federal government. The plan includes recommendations for new legislation as well as recommendations to change, eliminate, and add programs. After receipt of the President's proposal, the Congress reviews the proposal and makes changes. It first passes a budget resolution setting its own targets for receipts, outlays, and surplus or deficit. Next, individual spending and revenue bills that are consistent with the goals of the budget resolution are enacted.
In fiscal year 2015 (which began on October 1, 2014, and ended on September 30, 2015), federal income was $3.250 trillion and outlays were $3.688 trillion, leaving a deficit of $438 billion.

Footnotes for Certain Federal Outlays(p43)

Note.The percentage calculations in this section and the dollar chart for outlays exclude undistributed offsetting receipts, which were $116 billion in 2015. In the budget, these receipts are offset against spending in the calculation of the outlay total. These receipts are for the U.S. Government's share of its employee retirement programs, rents and royalties on the Outer Continental Shelf, and proceeds from the sale of assets.
  1. Social security, Medicare, and other retirement: These programs provide income support for the retired and disabled and medical care for the elderly.
  2. National defense, veterans, and foreign affairs: About 15% of federal outlays were to equip, modernize, and pay our armed forces and to fund national defense activities; 4% were for veterans benefits and services; and about 1% were for international activities, including military and economic assistance to foreign countries and the maintenance of United States embassies abroad.
  3. Physical, human, and community development: These outlays were for agriculture; natural resources; environment; transportation; aid for elementary and secondary education and direct assistance to college students; job training; deposit insurance, commerce and housing credit, and community development; and space, energy, and general science programs.
  4. Social programs: About 17% of total outlays were for Medicaid, food stamps, temporary assistance for needy families, supplemental security income, and related programs; and 6% for health research and public health programs, unemployment compensation, assisted housing, and social services.
Graphic for Electronic Filing (e-file) goes here Text DescriptionGraphic for Electronic Filing (e-file) goes here   
Where Do You File?
envelope Mail your return to the address shown below that applies to you. If you want to use a private delivery service, see Private delivery services in Section 4, earlier. Envelopes without enough postage will be returned to you by the post office. Also, include your complete return address.
  THEN use this address if you:
IF you live in...Are requesting a refund or are not enclosing a check or
money order...
Are enclosing a check or
money order...
Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Austin, TX 73301-0014
Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 1214
Charlotte, NC 28201-1214
Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, WyomingDepartment of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Fresno, CA 93888-0014
Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 7704
San Francisco, CA 94120-7704
Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Fresno, CA 93888-0014
Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 802501
Cincinnati, OH 45280-2501
Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, VirginiaDepartment of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Kansas City, MO 64999-0014
Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 931000
Louisville, KY 40293-1000
Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Missouri, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Kansas City, MO 64999-0014
Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 37008
Hartford, CT 06176-7008
A foreign country, U.S. possession or territory*, or use an APO or FPO address, or file Form 2555, 2555-EZ, or 4563, or are a dual-status alien. Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
Austin, TX 73301-0215
Internal Revenue Service
P.O. Box 1303
Charlotte, NC 28201-1303
* If you live in American Samoa, Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or the Northern Mariana Islands, see Pub. 570.